Dear team leaders, dear invigilators, The IPhO 2021 is just around the corner and we plan to release the 3rd Circular very soon. Before we do that, we are asking you to provide us with some essential information. First of all, one of our goals during the IPhO 2021 is to have a seamless experience for all to join together over a single video communication platform over any occasion - exams, freetime activities, or International Board Meetings. We ask you to provide information about the availability of communication platforms in your country by answering a short questionnaire before June 18, 2021 that was delivered to your inbox. If you have not received the questionnaire please get in touch with us. Secondly, we are sending the packages with the experiment sets and IPhO goodies to your
Imagine a good old pirate with an eyepatch and a parrot on his shoulder, holding onto the side of the ship with a hook where his hand should be and propping himself on a wooden leg. Although a hook and a wooden stake can hardly replace a hand and a leg, a few centuries ago it was one of the better solutions for a person who had lost one limb or another. Wealthier people could afford prostheses that looked like real body parts, e.g. glass eyes, elaborately carved out arms and legs or ones made of metal. The oldest prostheses are found even in prehistoric tombs. For a long time, they were like parts of sculptures moulded and attached to a person so that they could prop themselves or maintain their body proportions.
“Physics is my life. I always tell my students that it is not just a science, it is a way of life. Physicists see the world differently, they are exceptional. I have this tradition - every year I ask students to express their thoughts on Physics. So many interesting answers come! I keep them and read it again from time to time. For example, one writes that “Physics is a science that opens the door to life.“ After all, from the atom to the farthest galaxies - everything is physics. This science is like a key to everything“, - says Rosa Miliajeva, a Physics teacher at Mykolas Biržiška Gymnasium. Follow the story with translation programs.
According to Einstein, human imagination is limitless. However, we are faced with serious difficulties when it comes to the question of aliens from outer space. Hollywood films got us accustomed to their elongated faces, gangly limbs and poor character, which is brought to us in oblate flying saucers from another galaxy. Stanislaw Lem‘s science fiction novel Solaris is exceptional in this regard. The unearthly life-form described in the novel is not some detached being or organism, but the whole planet itself together with a boundless and conscious ocean surrounding it. It is still difficult to say whether such a life could exist.
Just one hour of work to meet the electricity needs of all human world all year round? Sounds fantastic, but so tremendous is the power of the Sun. If we could use all that energy that the Earth receives from the Sun to generate electricity...But so far, solar power stations provide less than 3 % of worlds electricity needs. Please use translation programs to read the full story.
“CERN has opened my eyes to how much more can be done and achieved through collaboration. I was also very much impressed by Oxford university professors during my first conversation with them. They seemed to have the courage to move the mountains and were determined to fill their students with that goodness. I craved to study there. PhD studies were not easy, I had many ruptures, but some of them brought good things“, - Lithuanian scientist G.Žemaitytė on her experience at the Oxford university and CERN. Read her full story with translation programs.
When the word ‘laser’ is mentioned, images from Hollywood films usually come to mind. Dr. Evil, the eternal enemy of the famous Austin Powers, threatens to destroy all of humanity with an extremely powerful laser. A somewhat different laser is about to cut the secret agent James Bond in half. However, let‘s stop here and return to reality leaving the films behind. Let’s try and build a laser to better understand how it operates. Read the story with the help of translation programs.
IPhO Gold medalist Elvinas Ribinskas: his most important achievement, the desire to share knowledge and what fascinates him so far in physics
“Physics has always been the most interesting science for me,“ says Lithuanian Elvinas Ribinskas, a PhD student at the University of Cambridge in the UK. He was a Gold medalist in IPhO 2016, in Geneva, and now is working on Glacier dynamics research. Click and read his story with translation programs.
It is with a heavy heart that we, the organizers of the IPhO 2021, announce the latest decision to have the IPhO 2021 only in the online format. We made this decision for many reasons, mainly because of the recent surge in COVID-19 cases all around the world which has made a lot of delegations change their choice of format recently making the physical format a very small event.
Until recently, the image of your peer Greta dominated every screen. On 20th August 2018, the ninth-form pupil from Sweden decided to stop going to school. At that time, Sweden was overtaken by heat waves and fires. Instead of going to school, Greta spent three weeks protesting the government’s slack in the fight against climate change. We hear the frightening news about climate almost daily. The world is frazzled out by the intensifying storms, floods, draughts, forest fires, and other disasters. The man-made climate change is often called the greatest threat to humanity in the next century. Use translation programs to read the full story!
The Organising Committee reminds all delegations who wish to participate in IPhO 2021 that they need to provide the team size and make the final choice about the participation format by May 14, 2021. In addition, those who participate online must provide the invigilator details or provide a shipping address for the experiment sets also by May 14, 2021. Failure to provide these details by May 14, 2021 will result in the exclusion of delegation from IPhO 2021. We also ask all delegations to do the final submit of their members as soon as possible. If you were granted an extension to provide the student names and other data, you can skip this message.
How Quantum Computing changes our Smart Cities? Over the last few decades, urban ecosystems have undergone a much greater change than in previous centuries. Today smart systems help monitor, regulate and plan how cities are evolving better than ever before. In order to manage the city in a better way, we must first understand it: collect and analyse a wide range of data. This has been done for centuries, from tax payers data, voter reports, to police summaries, etc. However, obtaining such data often takes time and decisions based on it can be delayed. But 10 years ago, the situation began to change rapidly. Read the story with the help of translation programs.
Jonas Kubilius, a scientist working in the field of artificial intelligence: “As a child, I thought that when people grow up they all become professors”
If you google Jonas Kubilius, you will find more than one scientist named Jonas with various outstanding academic and professional achievements. “Since childhood, it was clear to me that I will be a professor – could it be otherwise, when your grandfather is the rector and professor of Vilnius University, dad and mom also have academic degrees. I lived in the environment related to science - mathematics, physics, chemistry and others”, - laughed Jonas Kubilius, one of the founders of Inc. Three Thirds, operating in the field of research and application of artificial intelligence. Having already started preparing for a career as a researcher at school, he says he is finally doing what makes sense and gives professional satisfaction: combining science and business.
“Physics is all about life, it’s everything that happens around you and even in you. Falling in love with physics is not very common, because either you have a habit of watching the world and asking questions or you don’t. It’s like a ballet, the earlier you start, the easier it gets later. With an inspiring help, witch I had as a child, anyone can fall in love with physics”, - says Rigonda Skorulskienė, a teacher at Kaunas Jesuit Gymnasium and a Member of Ipho2021 management. Read her inspirational story with the help of translation programs.
More than 62 years ago, Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, zoomed across the sky. It was this device that spurred forward the famous Space Race, in which heavyweight Cold War rivals, the USSR and the United States, jostled for the win. From then on, space seemed to be only the big country playground. However, look at the sky now. It is likely that the objects flying there will paint your heart with the three proud colours: since 2014, Lithuania has also set foot in space.